Hemodynamic Consequences of Physical Training after Myocardial Infarction
The hemodynamic effects of physical training, three periods weekly for 1 to 2 months, after myocardial infarction were assessed in seven patients by cardiac catheterization at rest and during exercise. The training was followed by reduction in exercise heart rate and tension-time index as determined from brachial artery pressures. Stroke volume during exercise was enhanced. No significant change occurred in the heart volume. Left ventricular function was improved, and a significant increase in the rate of rise of right ventricular pressure occurred. These were interpreted as indicating myocardial hypertrophy, which probably through reduced compliance also accounted for increased ventricular filling pressures. Lactate in arterial blood was reduced during exercise without any change in the arteriovenous oxygen difference. Small and not significant changes occurred in vital capacity, forced expiratory volume, fasting blood sugar, and serum lipids.
Concomitant with the hemodynamic changes exercise tolerance was improved. The data support the thesis that in some patients increased physical activity after myocardial infarction is followed by beneficial hemodynamic effects on the heart and possibly by increased coronary blood flow. The need for proper selection of patients and close medical supervision during training is illustrated and emphasized.
- Cardiac output
- Left ventricular function
- Muscular exercise
- Tension-time index
- Blood lactate
- Oxygen consumption
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.