Atrioventricular and Ventriculoatrial Excitation in Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome (Type B)
Temporary Ablation at Surgery
A patient with an atrial septal defect, paroxysmal tachycardia, and the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (type B) had epicardial exploration to determine the nature of the excitation anomaly. Right bundle-branch block in association with the WPW syndrome (type B) was evidenced by the late activation (0.12 sec) of the epicardium over the outflow tract of the right ventricle. Early activation of the base of the right ventricle (near the atrioventricular groove at the right border of the heart) was interpreted as indicating an actively conducting atrioventricular muscle bridge (bundle of Kent) in this region. During paroxysms of tachycardia, the ventricular area excited much later than when sinus mechanism was present, and the adjacent right atrium was excited in sequence. This sequence supported the concept of a circus movement, that is, movement from atrium to ventricle via atrioventricular bundle (His) and ventricle to atrium via a muscle bridge (Kent). Injection of procaine into the base of the right ventricle abolished the pre-excitation of the ventricle.
- © 1967 American Heart Association, Inc.