A Comparative Study of Nitroglycerin and Propranolol
The action of sublingual nitroglycerin (0.6 mg) and intravenous propranolol (0.1 mg/kg) on shortening of right ventricular fibers was investigated in patients with and without coronary artery disease. This was accomplished with a newly devised strain gauge catheter. Hemodynamic parameters and changes in the oxidation-reduction potential of heart muscle were determined. Nitroglycerin results in decrease in shortening and velocity of shortening of ventricular fibers, heart rate, left ventricular end-diastolic and systemic pressure, dp/dt, tension-time index, stroke index, peripheral resistance, and left ventricular minute work in normal and arteriosclerotic subjects. Intravenous propranolol leads to a fall in velocity of shortening of myocardial fibers, heart rate, dp/dt, stroke index, and left ventricular minute work. However, there is an increase in tension-time index and peripheral resistance with no change in systemic pressure. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure rises significantly in arteriosclerotic patients. The myocardial oxidation-reduction potential increases after nitroglycerin whereas it falls after propranolol in normal and arteriosclerotic patients.
- © 1967 American Heart Association, Inc.