The Hemodynamics of Common (or Single) Ventricle
Data from 43 patients with common ventricle for whom satisfactory hemodynamic data are available are presented; these form 3.2% of the patients with congenital heart disease studied by means of catheterization at the Mayo Clinic. Selective biplane angiocardiography is essential for diagnosis of common ventricle. Associated cardiovascular anomalies are common, with transposition of the great vessels occurring in 84% of the patients.
The right-to-left shunt present in all 43 patients results in desaturation of systemic arterial blood. The common ventricle receives all the systemic and pulmonary venous blood [see table in the PDF file] flows; yet complete mixing is uncommon in this chamber, for it occurred in only 16% of the patients who did not have severe pulmonary stenosis. Fifty-eight per cent had oxygenated blood directed preferentially to the systemic circuit ("favorable streaming"). This occurred most commonly with L-transposition and resulted in a higher oxygen saturation of systemic arterial blood. Obstruction to pulmonary flow (from pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary vascular disease) results in a larger right-to-left shunt and lower oxygen saturation of systemic arterial blood.
- © 1966 American Heart Association, Inc.