Pulmonary Venous and Arterial Hypertension due to Chronic Fibrous Mediastinitis
Hemodynamics and Pulmonary Function
A patient with chronic fibrous mediastinitis presented with bronchial, superior vena caval, and pulmonary venous obstruction, pulmonary hypertension, and pulmonary fibrosis. Pulmonary venous obstruction was confirmed at surgery and explains the hemodynamic findings of elevated pulmonary artery and pulmonary wedge pressures despite low left atrial pressure. Pulmonary function studies showed marked alterations in ventilation-distribution, diffusion, work of breathing, and fixed airway resistance.
It is concluded that the pulmonary arterial hypertension was due, in large part, to the pulmonary venous hypertension caused by pulmonary venous obstruction. Unsuccessful surgical intervention has been followed by 10 months of observation during which aldosterone inhibition together with use of chlorothiazide has prevented recurrence of heart failure and pleural effusion.
The relationship between the physiological abnormalities and the patient's symptoms is discussed along with the possible relationship between pulmonary venous obstruction and pulmonary fibrosis.
- © 1966 American Heart Association, Inc.