Hemodynamic Studies during Angina Pectoris
Sixteen patients developed angina pectoris during cardiac catheterization.
During an anginal attack, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure did not uniformly rise. When it did occur, it seemed to be more closely related to acute left ventricular hypertension.
During a stress-induced anginal attack, the rise, if any, in systolic ejection rate of the left ventricle, was markedly decreased below that achieved in normal subjects or in subjects with coronary artery disease without angina. The impaired augmentation in systolic ejection rate was associated with subnormal increases in cardiac output as well as in stroke volume during the anginal state. Average heart rate and systolic ejection period were no different from the nonanginal patients.
Myocardial excess lactate was found in the vast majority of cases during an anginal episode, and actual myocardial lactate production was seen in one half of the patients during angina.
The abnormalities in left ventricular function may be related to abnormalities in oxygen supply to the myocardium.
- © 1965 American Heart Association, Inc.