Myocardial Function and Left Ventricular Volumes in Acquired Valvular Insufficiency
The effect of valvular insufficiency on left ventricular volumes was studied by an angiographic method in 37 patients. Ejection of the additional volume load imposed by valvular insufficiency was achieved by an increase in end-diastolic volume and not by increasing the proportion of end-diastolic volume ejected. Of the 37 patients, 16 (43 per cent) had a significant reduction in the fraction of end-diastolic volume ejected per beat. These patients performed significantly less stroke work from a given end-diastolic fiber length (end-diastolic volume) than did the others and evidence is presented that they had impaired myocardial function. An index of myocardial contractility is derived which relates stroke work to end-diastolic volume.
The magnitude of left ventricular volumes is determined in part by the severity of the volume load but a further increase in volume without necessarily a further increase in ejection occurs in those patients with impaired myocardial function. Valvular insufficiency is quantitated from the difference between left ventricular ejection volume determined angiographically and forward stroke volume determined from indicator-dilution curves. The results show good agreement with subsequent surgical findings in the 15 patients who underwent operation.
- © 1965 American Heart Association, Inc.