The Effect of Angiocardiographic Contrast Medium on Circulatory Dynamics in Man
Cardiac Output during Angiocardiography
The cardiovascular response to angiographic contrast medium was studied in 28 patients undergoing diagnostic angiocardiography under anesthesia. A transient phase of hypotension and tachycardia similar to that described by other authors was noted. Cardiac output was increased initially by 50 per cent and returned to the base line in 20 minutes. Peripheral blood flow increased by 100 per cent, apparently due to the direct effect of the hyperosmotic solution on the vascular smooth muscle. Hemodilution, maximal 2 to 4 minutes after injection of contrast medium, suggested a transient increase in circulating blood volume. Increased ventricular filling pressures, which were thought to be due to hypervolemia, were associated with increased left ventricular stroke work.
- © 1965 American Heart Association, Inc.