Ventricular Septal Defect with Aortic Regurgitation
Medical and Pathologic Aspects
Thirty-four patients with ventricular septal defect and aortic regurgitation, representing less than 5 per cent of our patients with ventricular septal defect, are discussed.
A loud, systolic murmur, characteristic of ventricular septal defect, is noted during infancy, whereas evidences of aortic regurgitation (protodiastolic murmur and wide pulse pressure) does not usually appear until sometime between 2 and 10 years of age.
Clinical and catheterization data indicate that the principal hemodynamic load is aortic regurgitation, whereas the ventricular septal defect does not usually result in a large pulmonary blood flow or high pulmonary arterial pressure. In about 50 per cent of the patients, a significant pressure gradient across the right ventricular outflow tract exists.
Detailed pathologic studies indicate that the ventricular septal defects are high and anterior and encroach to a greater or lesser degree on the membranous bulbar septum. The right coronary cusp is the one most severely involved, and, by its prolapse, causes aortic regurgitation; the noncoronary cusp is always less severely affected. The anatomic basis of the pressure gradient observed across the right ventricular outflow tract is not always clear.
- © 1964 American Heart Association, Inc.