Congenital Stenosis of the Pulmonary Artery Branches
Eighteen cases of stenosis of the branches of the pulmonary artery, seen at the Mayo Clinic, have been reviewed and subdivided into two main types: Type I, stenosis of the main branches of the pulmonary artery, 11 cases, and type II, stenosis of multiple peripheral branches of the pulmonary arteries, seven cases. Of special interest were two cases in which thrombosis occurred as a complication and one case in which surgical relief of multiple areas of stenosis in the peripheral branches of the pulmonary arteries was accomplished.
Unexplained pulmonary hypertension necessitates further investigation, which includes cardiac catheterization for measurement of intracardiac pressure and frequently selective angiocardiography.
Main branch or peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis should be suspected when a continuous murmur is heard or when poststenotic dilatations of the pulmonary artery branches or areas of decreased pulmonary vasculature can be perceived in the roentgenogram. Angiocardiography is the only technic that permits detailed anatomic evaluation of the entire pulmonary vasculature, especially in the cases associated with severe infundibular or valvular pulmonic stenosis.
Stenosis of the branches of the pulmonary artery must be taken into account, when surgical repair of associated cardiovascular defects is considered. These lesions also might complicate anastomotic procedures involving the pulmonary artery in cyanotic patients.
- © 1964 American Heart Association, Inc.