Ventricular Septal Defect with Aortic Valvular Incompetence
Nineteen patients with ventricular septal defect and severe aortic valvular incompetence have been operated on at the Mayo Clinic. There were two early deaths and two late deaths. The ventricular septal defect was located high and anteriorly in the septum and was often small. Aortic valvular incompetence was due, in most cases, to a deformed, prolapsing right coronary cusp. Mild to moderate degrees of infundibular pulmonary stenosis coexisted in nine patients.
Repair of the ventricular septal defect was readily accomplished in most cases by direct suture, and relief of obstruction to right ventricular outflow was effected, when required, by resection of the crista supraventricularis. Repair of the aortic incompetence was attempted by a variety of means, but the incidence of persistent significant regurgitation was high, except when prosthetic cusp replacement was used.
It is currently our policy to defer operation in children unless there are significant symptoms. When the patient is past the age of about 12 to 14 years, operation is advised under proper circumstances, and it consists generally of suturing of the ventricular septal defect and replacement of the right coronary cusp of the aortic valve.
- © 1963 American Heart Association, Inc.