Results of Surgical Treatment for Congenital Aortic Stenosis
Open operation by means of extracorporeal circulation has been used on 47 patients with congenital aortic stenosis at the Mayo Clinic between April 1955 and July 1, 1960; 33 patients had valvular stenosis, 11 had subvalvular stenosis, and three had supravalvular stenosis. The over-all operative mortality rate was 13 per cent; 6 per cent of patients with valvular aortic stenosis died in the hospital.
Severe aortic insufficiency did not develop in any patient operated on for valvular aortic stenosis although a diastolic murmur was present after operation in some. Rarely, however, was the transvalvular gradient completely eliminated by operation although 90 per cent of the surviving patients were either asymptomatic or had definite clinical improvement. Late follow-up hemodynamic studies suggest that a persistent transvalvular gradient may regress in time.
Relief of obstruction caused by subvalvular variety of aortic stenosis is difficult whether stenosis is localized or diffuse. Even in this gruop, however, it has been possible to achieve good results with careful attention to certain technical details.
Patients with congenital aortic stenosis should be operated on before the development of the sequelae of severe left ventricular hypertension.
- © 1962 American Heart Association, Inc.