The Clinical, Hemodynamic, and Pathologic Diagnosis of Muscular Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Muscular obstruction to left ventricular outflow is a rare but serious occurrence. Eight cases in which this disease was anatomically proved are presented. The commonest symptoms are angina, dyspnea, and palpitations. Not uncommonly a family history of heart disease may be elicited. A systolic murmur along the left sternal border is the most characteristic physical finding, but a normal aortic second sound, the presence of third and fourth heart sounds, splitting of the second sound, and the absence of a diastolic murmur are all helpful clinical guides. Withdrawal pressures from the left ventricle reveal a characteristic infundibular pressure zone. Other hemodynamic findings include an anacrotic notch on the left ventricular pressure tracing, a rapidly ascending bisferious aortic pulse and a small compensatory beat after extrasystoles.
Necropsy specimens reveal a grossly thickened interventricular septum as compared with normal and hypertrophied control hearts. Microscopic alterations are minimal. The etiology remains obscure but familial and developmental factors, either or both, appear to be implicated.
- © 1961 American Heart Association, Inc.