Cardiac Myosin and Congestive Heart Failure in the Dog
Chronic congestive heart failure has been produced in dogs by surgical induction of valvular disease. Cardiac myosin was isolated from the normal dogs and from dogs with congestive heart failure and characterized. Physicochemical properties of the cardiac myosins were determined by measurements of velocity sedimentation, partial specific volume, rate of diffusion, limiting viscosity number, light-scattering behavior, and ATPase activity. The measurements show that normal cardiac myosin (myosin C) has a molecular weight of 225,000, whereas myosin from the failing heart (myosin F) has a molecular weight of 690,000. This change in molecular weight occurs without a marked alteration in amino acid composition and suggests that end-to-end trimerization of normal cardiac myosin occurs in association with congestive heart failure in the dog. There was no significant change in ATPase activity.
- © 1961 American Heart Association, Inc.