Essential Hypertension and Aldosterone
Serial determinations of the urinary excretion of aldosterone have been made in hypertensive patients. Although the majority of patients with benign essential hypertension excrete amounts of aldosterone within the normal range, the mean excretion of 26 patients was significantly higher than that observed in normotensive individuals. When renal complications were present, the mean excretion was still further increased and in patients with malignant hypertension all the values were above the normal range.
The mean excretion of the tetrahydro metabolite of aldosterone was also found to be higher in patients with essential hypertension.
These patients have a normal response to adrenocorticotrophic hormone stimulation, urinary and plasma corticosteroids, as well as urinary aldosterone, showing comparable increases.
The aldosterone content of adrenal glands obtained post mortem from two patients with malignant hypertension was within the range observed by other investigators in primary aldosteronism.
- © 1961 American Heart Association, Inc.