Congenital Insufficiency of the Pulmonary Valve
Including a Case of Fetal Cardiac Failure
Congenital insufficiency of the pulmonary valve may result if the valvular cusps develop faultily or fail to develop. It is commonly associated with ventricular septal defect, with or without pulmonary stenosis. Under these conditions a continuous precordial murmur may be present. Less commonly, congenital pulmonary valvular insufficiency may appear as an isolated cardiac malformation.
- © 1959 American Heart Association, Inc.