Effect of Acetylcholine on Pulmonary Vascular Resistance in a Patient with Idiopathic Pulmonary Hypertension
Necropsy studies in cases of pulmonary hypertension of unknown cause show structural changes in the pulmonary vessels that are called irreversible. Acetylcholine chloride was infused at a rate of 2 mg. per minute into the outflow tract of the right ventricle of a 48-year-old woman who had pulmonary hypertension. The mean pulmonary artery pressure decreased from 56 to 25 mm. Hg and the pulmonary flow increased slightly. These findings are consistent with the theory that so-called idiopathic pulmonary hypertension may at some stage be maintained by vasoconstriction.
- © 1959 American Heart Association, Inc.