Standardizing Factors in Electrocardiography
Modifications in recorder standardization are required to correct inherent scalar differences among potential differences measured in a given electrocardiographic reference frame. In the frontal plane, agreement between the resultant vectors calculated from unipolar limb lead measurements and from standard lead measurements can be obtained by standardizing the galvanometer for recording the unipolar limb lead potentials at √3 cm. per millivolt. A method for calculating this "standardizing factor" and similar factors for other reference frames is presented and applied to calculations for the equilateral tetrahedron, the isosceles tetrahedron, and the cube.
- © 1950 American Heart Association, Inc.