Studies of the Mitral Valve
II. Certain Anatomic Features of the Mitral Valve and Associated Structures in Mitral Stenosis
Knowledge of the structural changes in the commissures, cusps, and chordae tendineae is important to the understanding of the pathologic physiology of mitral stenosis and its surgical correction. Study of 70 hearts with mitral stenosis disclosed that a frequent cause of the obstruction was commissural fusion or shortening of the chordae tendineae or both. In a small percentage of hearts, mitral stenosis appeared to result principally from rigidity of the valvular leaflets. Measurements of the various components of the mitral valve in normal hearts have been given in a previous paper. In this communication, comparable measurements for these structures in 50 hearts with mitral stenosis are presented.
- © 1956 American Heart Association, Inc.