Abstract P372: Trajectories in Fasting Glucose and Insulin Resistance During Young Adulthood and Measures of Cardiac Function and Structure in Middle Adulthood: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
Introduction: Whether trajectories in fasting glucose (FG) and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) during young adulthood, before the onset of diabetes, are associated with cardiac function and structure in middle adulthood is unclear.
Hypothesis: We tested the hypothesis that as compared to low-stable trajectory of FG and HOMA-IR, an increasing trajectory for each would be associated with worse cardiac structure and function in middle adulthood.
Methods: We determined FG and HOMA-IR for 2,198 CARDIA participants, age 18-30 years, at baseline (1985-1986) and 7, 10, 15, 20, and 25 year follow-up exams who fasted for >8 hours and were not pregnant and were free from diabetes at all exams. At year 30 (2016), Doppler echocardiography and 2D-guided M-mode echocardiography was performed, measuring left atrial dimension, relative wall thickness, left ventricular (LV) mass, LV mass indexed to height, LV ejection fraction percentage, LV end-diastolic and systolic volume, and LV mass to volume ratio. Trajectories were determined using latent class analysis (SAS Proc Traj). We used multivariable linear regression to estimate adjusted means for echo measures according to FG and HOMA-IR trajectory group after adjustment for potential confounding factors.
Results: For individuals free from diabetes in midlife, we identified three trajectory groups for both FG and HOMA-IR, low-stable to increasing, moderate-increasing, and high-increasing. Compared to low-stable trajectory for FG, increasing trajectory was associated with greater LV end-diastolic volume, whereas for HOMA-IR increasing trajectory was associated with lower LV end-diastolic volume (Table). Increasing FG trajectory was also associated with greater left atrial dimension, while HOMA-IR was not.
Conclusion: Trajectory of both FG and HOMA-IR during young adulthood, in the absence of diabetes, was most prominently and differentially associated with LV end-diastolic volume. Future research should elaborate on differential associations of FG and HOMA-IR trajectory.
Author Disclosures: M.P. Bancks: None. M. Carnethon: None. L.S. Chow: None. D.R. Jacobs: None. S. Kishi: None. J. Lima: None. D. Lloyd-Jones: None. J. Reis: None. P. Schreiner: None. R. Zmora: None. N.B. Allen: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.