Abstract P360: 24-hour Blood Pressure Profiles Associated With Sleep Duration
Introduction: Insufficient sleep is associated incident hypertension. Because blood pressure (BP) varies across 24h, shorter sleep may be associated with increased BP across all 24h. Additionally, we evaluated whether BP variability was also associated with shorter sleep.
Methods: Participants were adults with untreated prehypertension or stage-1 hypertension assessed at baseline as part of a clinical trial. Recordings took place during overnight visits in a Clinical Research Center. Sleep was reported by nurses continuously monitoring patients. Those with <7h sleep were classified “shorter” (N=13) and the rest “longer” (N=30). BP was assessed with a Spacelabs ambulatory monitor. Linear regression models evaluated effect of group on day, night, and 24h systolic and diastolic BP and heart rate (HR).
Results: The “shorter” group slept for M=370 (SD=87) minutes and the “longer” group slept for M=521 (SD=51) mins. Results for day, night, and 24h systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate are reported in the Table. Also, higher 24h variability in systolic BP (B=1.2, p=0.03), diastolic BP (B=1.4, p=0.002), and HR (B=1.3, p=0.03) were demonstrated. This was reflected in higher variability during daytime for systolic BP (B=1.1, p=0.04), diastolic BP (B=1.5, p=0.001), and HR (B=1.2, p=0.05); no differences in variability were seen during the night.
Conclusions: Shorter sleep duration is associated with higher systolic BP and HR across 24h (day and night), as well as increased variability in systolic and diastolic BP and HR across 24h (during the day in particular). This could provide additional insight in to how sleep duration is associated with hypertension incidence.
Author Disclosures: M. Grandner: None. D.L. Cohen: None. R.R. Townsend: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.