Abstract P339: Volunteering and Favorable Cardiovascular Health in Hispanic/Latinos: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) Sociocultural Ancillary Study
Introduction: Volunteering - a social capital indicator - has been associated with a lower burden of CVD risk factors in middle-aged and older adults. The prevalence of volunteering and its association with favorable cardiovascular health (i.e., low CV risk, LR) has not been examined among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults.
Hypothesis: Volunteering is positively associated with LR independent of sociodemographic and lifestyle factors; this association is modified by acculturation.
Methods: Our analysis included 4,385 participants, ages 18-74 years, from the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study (2010-2011), a population-based cohort of US Hispanics/Latinos. Multivariate logistic regression (survey weighted) was used to examine cross-sectional associations of self-reported current regular volunteering (yes vs. no) with LR (definition in Table). We tested whether these associations varied by acculturation (assessed as language preference [English vs. Spanish] and length of residence in the US [<10 vs.≥10 years]).
Results: The prevalence of regular volunteering was 15.4%. Volunteers were more likely to be English speakers, have lived in the US ≥10 years, and had higher income and education than non-volunteers.Association of volunteering with LR varied by length of residence in the US but not with language preference (P for interactions=0.06 and 0.77, respectively). Among persons with ≥10 years of residence in the US, volunteering was associated with more than 2 times higher odds of being at LR vs. non-volunteering in the fully adjusted model (Table). No association of volunteering with LR was observed among those living in the US <10 years.
Conclusions: Volunteering was associated with LR among Hispanic/Latino adults who have lived in the US for ≥10 years independent of sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. Future research should examine the mechanisms underlying this association, as well as the longitudinal associations of volunteering with incidence of CVD risk factors to assess reverse causality.
Author Disclosures: M.L. Estrella: None. R.A. Durazo: None. M.A. Kelley: None. L.C. Gallo: None. A.L. Giachello: None. K.M. Perreira: None. C.R. Isasi: None. E.C. Chambers: None. D. Zeng: None. V. Carrion: None. J.P. Lash: None. M.L. Daviglus: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.