Abstract P247: Dietary Intake and Peripheral Arterial Disease Incidence in Middle Aged Adults: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC)
Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a costly source of morbidity and mortality among older persons in the United States. Dietary intake plays a role in the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; however, few studies have examined the relation of food intake or diet patterns with PAD.
Objectives: We examined the relationship between habitual dietary intake at midlife and incident PAD over approximately 20 years of follow-up.
Methods: Among 14,082 participants enrolled in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study initially free of PAD, dietary intake was assessed at baseline in 1987-1989 using a Harvard food frequency questionnaire. Food groups were created and principal components analysis was used to develop “healthy” and “Western” dietary patterns; both were categorized into quintiles or quartiles. Incident PAD was defined by an ankle-brachial index (ABI) measure of < 0.90 at either of two subsequent exams (1993-1995, 1996-1998), or a hospital discharge diagnosis of PAD, leg amputation, or leg revascularization procedures through 2012. Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for relevant confounders assessed the relations of each food group or diet pattern with incident PAD.
Results: During a mean follow up of 19.9 years, 1569 participants developed incident PAD. A total of 64.7% of cases had their incident event defined via ICD-9 codes, while 35.3% had incident PAD defined by ABI. In models adjusted for demographics, behaviors, and food groups, the hazard ratios for incident PAD increased across quintiles of meat consumption (Q2 vs. Q1 1.38 [95% CI 1.16, 1.64], Q3 vs. Q1 1.40 [1.18, 1.67], Q4 vs. Q1 1.47 [1.23, 1.77], Q5 vs. Q1 1.66 [1.36, 2.03], p for trend <0.001). Compared to those who drank no alcohol, those who had 1-6 drinks per week had a lower risk of incident PAD (HR=0.78 [95% CI 0.68, 0.89]). For coffee, there was a modest inverse association with incident PAD (Q5 vs. Q1 0.84 [0.75, 1.00], p for trend = 0.014). There was no association between other food groups or patterns and incident PAD.
Conclusions: In this prospective population-based cohort study, greater meat consumption was associated with higher risk of incident PAD, while both moderate alcohol consumption and coffee consumption were associated with lower risk of incident PAD. Whether these associations are causal remains to be seen.
Author Disclosures: R.P. Ogilvie: None. P.L. Lutsey: None. G. Heiss: None. A.R. Folsom: None. L.M. Steffen: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.