Abstract P207: Association Between a 20-year CVD-risk Score Based on Modifiable Lifestyles and Total and Cause Specific Mortality Among US Men and Women
Background: The previously validated Healthy Heart Score, based on modifiable health behaviors (diet, physical activity, alcohol intake, smoking, and body weight), effectively predicted the 20-year risk of CVD in mid-adulthood. While these lifestyle behaviors are independently associated with many chronic diseases, it remains unknown whether the Healthy Heart Score may extend to an association with overall mortality risk. Thus, we examined the Healthy Heart Score and total and cause-specific mortality in the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS) and Health Professional Follow-up Study (HPFS).
Methods: We conducted a prospective analysis among 58,319 women in the NHS (1984-2010) aged 30-55 y and 30,713 in men in the HPFS (1986-2010) aged 40-75 y free of cancer and CVD at baseline. The Healthy Heart Score was calculated at baseline and included 9 factors that best estimated CVD risk: current smoking, higher BMI, low physical activity, lack of moderate alcohol consumption, low intakes of fruits and vegetables, cereal fiber, and nuts, and high intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and red and processed meats). Cox proportional hazards models estimated hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) and adjusted for various demographics, medical history, medication use and total energy.
Results: During 2,075,504 years of follow-up, there were 19,181 total deaths, including 11,464 in women and 7,717 in men. Compared to participants with the lowest predicted 20-year CVD risk based on the Healthy Heart Score (1st quintile, median CVD risk: 0.01%), participants with the highest predictive CVD risk (5th quintile, median CVD risk: 0.03%) had a pooled HR (95%CI) of 2.26 (1.86, 2.13) for total mortality; 2.89 (95 CI%, 1.93, 4.32) for CVD mortality; and 2.55 (95% CI 2.39, 2.72) for cancer mortality. Participants in the 5th quintile vs. the 1st quintile of the Healthy Heart Score had also a significantly greater risk of death due to CHD (3.40 [2.20, 5.26]), stroke (1.77 [1.00, 3.14]), lung cancer (6.02 [2.83, 12.79]), breast cancer (1.45 [1.13, 1.85]), colon cancer (1.51 (1.17, 1.94)), respiratory disease (3.94 (1.03, 15.14)), and diabetes (3.63 (2.00, 6.59)).
Conclusion: The Healthy Heart Score, comprised of 9 self-reported, modifiable lifestyle predictors of CVD, is strongly associated with a greater risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality. This risk score is a potentially useful tool for risk assessment and counseling of healthy lifestyles to promote longevity
Author Disclosures: M. Sotos-Prieto: None. H.D. Sesso: None. F.B. Hu: None. W.C. Willett: None. S.E. Chiuve: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.