Abstract P169: Health Literacy and Outcomes in Heart Failure: a Prospective Community Study
Background: Growing evidence documents the association between low health literacy and poorer health outcomes. However, less is known about the relationship between health literacy and outcomes among patients with heart failure (HF). We examined the association of health literacy with risk of hospitalization and mortality in patients with HF.
Methods: Residents in an 11-county region in southeastern Minnesota with incident HF from 1/01/2013 to 3/31/2015 were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision code 428 (n=3715) and prospectively surveyed to measure health literacy using established screening questions. A total of 1992 patients returned a survey (response rate 54%); 1779 patients with complete clinical data and adequate follow up were retained for analysis. Health literacy, measured as a composite on three 5-point scales, was categorized as adequate (≤ 10) or low (> 10). Cox proportional hazards regression and Andersen-Gill models were used to determine the association of health literacy with mortality and hospitalization.
Results: Among 1779 patients (mean age 74, 53% male), 10% had low health literacy. After a mean follow-up of 8±4 months, 72 deaths and 600 hospitalizations occurred. Low health literacy was associated with increased mortality and hospitalizations (Figure). After adjusting for age, sex, comorbidity, education and marital status, the hazard ratio for death and hospitalization in patients with low health literacy was 2.84 (95% CI: 1.63, 4.96) and 1.43 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.96) respectively, compared to patients with adequate health literacy.
Conclusions: Low health literacy is associated with increased risk of hospitalization and death among patients with HF. Health literacy is critical to the self-management demands of living with heart failure. Evaluation of health literacy in the clinical setting may guide inventions to target patients with low literacy.
Author Disclosures: M. Fabbri: None. K. Yost: None. L. Finney Rutten: None. S. Manemann: None. S. Weston: None. R. Jiang: None. V.L. Roger: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.