Abstract P168: Animal & Dairy Protein Intakes Associate With Increased Risk of Heart Failure in Men: The Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study
Introduction: Different protein sources, such as processed red meat and fish have indicated distinct associations with risk of heart failure. Whether these distinct associations are partly due to the differences in proteins themselves remains unclear. Thus, we examined the associations of proteins from different food sources with risk of heart failure in Finnish male subjects.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that proteins from different dietary sources would have distinct associations with heart failure risk.
Methods: The study included 2441 men aged 42-60 y at the baseline examinations in 1984-1989 in the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. Protein intakes at baseline were assessed with 4-d dietary records. Data on incident heart failure cases were obtained from national registers. The multivariable-adjusted risk of heart failure according to protein intake was estimated by Cox proportional hazard ratios. Multivariable analyses included age, examination year, education, income, family history of ischaemic heart disease, smoking, leisure-time physical activity, and intakes of alcohol, energy, fiber, and saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and trans fatty acids.
Results: During the mean follow-up time of 22.2 y, 334 incident cases of heart failure occurred. Total protein (multivariable-adjusted extreme-quartile HR 1.45, 95% CI: 1.04-2.00, P-trend 0.01), animal protein (HR 1.56, 95% CI: 1.12-2.17, P-trend 0.01) and dairy protein (HR 1.53, 95% CI: 1.11-2.11, P-trend 0.01) intakes were associated with increased risk of heart failure. Especially protein from fermented dairy products associated with higher risk (HR 1.48, 95% CI: 1.08-2.02, P-trend 0.002). Adjustment for the potential effect mediators [body mass index and diseases or medications (coronary heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, lipid-lowering or heart medications) at baseline and during the follow-up] slightly attenuated the associations, but associations of animal, dairy and fermented dairy protein remained statistically significant. Plant protein intake had no association with heart failure risk (HR 1.00, 95% CI: 0.63-1.59, P-trend 0.82).
Conclusions: Our data suggest that high intake of protein, especially from animal and dairy sources, may increase the risk of heart failure.
Author Disclosures: H.E.K. Virtanen: B. Research Grant; Modest; the Finnish Cultural Foundation North Savo Regional fund. B. Research Grant; Significant; Päivikki and Sakari Sohlberg Foundation, Juho Vainio Foundation. S. Voutilainen: None. T.T. Koskinen: B. Research Grant; Modest; Otto A Malm Foundation. B. Research Grant; Significant; Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research. J. Mursu: None. T. Tuomainen: None. J.K. Virtanen: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.