Abstract P001: Life′s Simple 7 in Middle-age and Prognosis After Myocardial Infarction in Later Life
Background: The AHA recommends focusing on seven traditional risk factors (Life’s Simple 7) for cardiovascular health promotion, primarily based on their impact on the risk of incident cardiovascular disease. However, the contribution of Life’s simple 7 in mid-life to prognosis after myocardial infarction (MI) in later life is unknown.
Methods: In 13,500 participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study (age 45-64 years) at Visit 1 (1987-1989), a 14-point score of Life’s simple 7 was constructed according to the status of each of seven factors (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, dietary quality, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting glucose). We quantified the association between this score and adverse outcomes after validated incident hospitalized MI occurring during ARIC follow-up, using Cox proportional hazards models adjusting for age at MI, gender, race, and year of MI occurrence.
Results: 1,341 participants had a definite or probable hospitalized MI after the ARIC baseline visit (median elapsed time between baseline and MI occurrence, 24.4 years [IQR 17.5-25.4]). Of these, 807 (60%) had cardiovascular outcomes of interest after MI during a median follow-up of 3.0 years. Higher Life’s Simple 7 score (better cardiovascular health) in middle-age was associated with lower risk of adverse outcomes after MI in later life (Table). For example, individuals with Life’s Simple 7 score ≥10 had 50-80% lower risk of cardiovascular mortality, recurrent MI, and heart failure compared to those with score ≤3. The associations were largely consistent across years of MI occurrence and when we restricted the follow-up after MI to 1-3 years.
Conclusion: A better AHA Life’s Simple 7 in middle-age was associated not only with lower incidence but also with a lower risk of adverse outcomes after MI in later life. Our findings suggest a secondary prevention benefit of striving for ideal CV health status in mid-life, further supporting AHA promotion of Life’s Simple 7.
Author Disclosures: Y. Mok: None. Y. Sang: None. S.H. Ballew: None. C.M. Rebholz: None. G. Heiss: None. A. Folsom: None. J. Coresh: None. K. Matsushita: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.