Abstract MP079: Coronary Artery Calcium Incidence and Progression Among South Asians: Results From the MASALA Study
Background: South Asians have a high burden of cardiovascular disease. We have reported that South Asians have similarly high prevalence of coronary artery calcium (CAC) compared to non-Hispanic Whites, and higher CAC than other U.S. ethnic minority groups. No studies have determined the incidence or progression of CAC among South Asians.
Methods: We used data from a community-based cohort of South Asians (MASALA) and calculated change in CAC Agatston score between Exam 1 (2010-2013) and Exam 2 (2015-2016) among 379 South Asians. We calculated the average annual incident CAC for those with no CAC at Exam 1, and CAC progression among those with CAC at Exam 1. We compared these findings to the previously reported CAC incidence and progression in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). We also determined factors associated with a ≥100 change in CAC score.
Results: We used data from 240 men and 139 women with repeat CAC measured after 4.5±0.7 years of follow-up. Among those with no detectable CAC at baseline, 6.8% developed incident CAC annually (9.2% of men and 4.4% of women), which was similar to MESA race/ethnic groups. Among those with known CAC at baseline, the median annual CAC progression was 23 (interquartile range, 8-56). The table shows the distribution of annual CAC progression. South Asians overall, but particularly South Asian men, had significantly higher annual CAC progression compared to the reported average in MESA (overall median 18, 4-53). Established risk factors (age, male sex, diabetes and hypertension), pericardial fat volume and visceral fat area were associated with greater CAC progression.
Conclusions: These preliminary results suggest that South Asian men have significantly greater CAC progression compared to other race/ethnic groups. Longer follow-up of MASALA will determine whether CAC score or CAC progression are important predictors of cardiovascular disease events.
Author Disclosures: A.M. Kanaya: None. N. Kandula: None. D. Herrington: None. K. Liu: None. M. Budoff: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.