Abstract MP040: Comparative-Effectiveness of Implementation Strategies on Blood Pressure Control among Hypertensive Patients: a Meta-Analysis
Introduction: Globally, only 13.8% of adults with hypertension have controlled blood pressure (BP). Effective strategies are needed to overcome barriers to BP control. The overall objective is to determine the comparative-effectiveness of implementation strategies to reduce BP in adults with hypertension.
Methods: We searched Medline and Embase (through November 2015) for randomized controlled trials of implementation strategies targeting barriers to hypertension control compared to usual care. One hundred trials with 48,070 hypertensive participants met our eligibility criteria and were included in this analysis. These trials were grouped by intervention strategy, and the effects of the intervention on BP change were combined using random effects models.
Results: Multi-component team-based care with and without non-physician providers titrating medications had the greatest reduction in systolic and diastolic BP. Health coaching, home BP monitoring, and a combination of the two also resulted in significant reductions in BP. Few studies of BP audit and feedback and clinical decision support systems were available, and they did not result in significant reductions in systolic BP. Provider training did not significantly reduce BP.
Conclusions: Team-based collaborative care is the most effective strategy for BP control among patients with hypertension. In addition, health coaching and home BP monitoring are useful patient-level strategies for hypertension control. These strategies should be prioritized in future BP control efforts.
Author Disclosures: K.T. Mills: None. K.M. Obst: None. W. Shen: None. S. Molina: None. H. Zhang: None. J. He: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.