Abstract MP024: Increase in Adverse Cardiovascular Risk Profile among Hispanics/Latinos of Diverse Backgrounds Living in the United States: Findings from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)
Background: HCHS/SOL showed that a sizeable proportion of Hispanics/Latinos (80% of men, 71% of women) had at least 1 major CVD risk factor (RF), with marked variations by ethnic background. Little is known about changes in CVD RF profiles over time in this population.
Objective: To describe ~6-year changes in CVD RF profiles and examine associations with demographic and socioeconomic/ sociocultural factors.
Methods: HCHS/SOL is a multi-center prospective community-based study of 16,415 Hispanic/Latino adults of Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Central American, and South American backgrounds, aged 18-74 at Visit 1 (2008-11). Visit 2 (2014-17) is ongoing and 8,413 persons (~60% of the cohort to be studied) attended as of Sept. 2016. Analyses included 7,789 men and women with complete data. CVD RF profiles were defined as having 0 (0RF) or any 1 or more (1+RF) of the following: hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, and smoking (see definitions in Table). Adjusted percent increases in number of RFs were computed. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine associations of Visit 1 characteristics with change in RFs, adjusted for sociodemographic, sociocultural, and lifestyle factors.
Results: After 5.8 years, 29% of men and 27% of women had increases in number of RFs; changes occurred more frequently in persons with 1+ RF at Visit 1 than in those with 0RF and varied by background (Table). Significantly higher odds of increase in number of RFs (vs. 0RF at both visits) were seen with older age (OR=1.07, 95% CI=1.06-1.08 per 1 yr) and male sex (1.74, 1.37-2.21); lower odds with higher education (0.60; 0.44-0.83 for > vs. < high school) and income (0.56, 0.38-0.81 for >$50,000 vs. <$20,000); acculturation did not relate to RF changes.
Conclusions: In just a few years, a large percent of US Hispanic/Latino adults had an increase in number of adverse RFs, which varied by background; age, sex, education, and income were associated with RF increases. Greater efforts are needed to prevent CVD RFs in this population.
Author Disclosures: M.L. Daviglus: None. J. Cai: None. A. Pirzada: None. N.M. Butera: None. R.A. Durazo-Arvizu: None. J.P. Lash: None. L. Aviles-Santa: None. L.C. Gallo: None. R. Kaplan: None. N. Schneiderman: None. G.A. Talavera: None. S. Wassertheil-Smoller: None. J. Stamler: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.