Abstract 37: The Association of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Ideal Cardiovascular Health in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study
Purpose: To examine the cross-sectional association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) in middle-aged adults.
Methods: The association between CRF and ideal CVH score was examined in 11,590 adults (8,865 men, 2,725 women) from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study. CRF was measured as duration in minutes from a maximal treadmill test. The AHA’s ideal CVH score was calculated on a 14 point scale using data on smoking status, BMI, physical activity (MET-min/wk), healthy diet, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting plasma glucose recorded between 1987 and 1999. Participants were grouped into categories of inadequate (0-4), average (5-9), and optimum (10-14) based on their CVH score. Three CRF groups were created from age- and sex-specific quintiles based on the previously established cutpoints of treadmill time: low, moderate, and high CRF. We used general linear and logistic regression models adjusted for age, sex, and year of examination to evaluate the association of CRF with ideal CVH score.
Results: The mean CVH score for men was 8.4 ± 2.2 and 9.7 ± 2.0 for women. Approximately 33% of men and 57% of women had optimum CVH, while only a small proportion of participants had inadequate CVH (5.1% M, 1.4% F). Treadmill time was moderately correlated (p<0.0001) with CVH score in both men (r=0.56) and women (r=0.50). CRF explained 16% and sex 18% of the variance in CVH score (both p<0.0001). Our adjusted model found that participants in the optimum CVH category had 20% and 43% higher CRF levels than those in the average and inadequate CVH groups (p<0.0001), respectively (Figure 1). The adjusted odds (95% CI) of having optimum CVH were 14.0 (11.0-17.8) and 3.1 (2.4-4.0) times greater for high CRF and moderate CRF, respectively, compared to low CRF (p<0.0001).
Discussion: Higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with better cardiovascular health profiles in both men and women. Thus, improving fitness represents a strategy to improve cardiovascular and public health.
Author Disclosures: L.M. Ross: None. J.L. Barber: None. X. Sui: None. S.N. Blair: B. Research Grant; Significant; Coca-Cola. M.A. Sarzynski: None.
- © 2017 by American Heart Association, Inc.