Abstract 20577: Heart Failure Patients Have Lower Diet Quality and Higher Added Sugar Consumption Compared to Age and Sex-Matched Community Dwelling Adults
Introduction: Higher added sugar intake is associated with an increased risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease (CVD), poor well-being, and mortality. Differences in diet quality and added sugar intake in heart failure (HF) patients compared to community dwelling older adults are not well elucidated.
Hypothesis: Patients with HF will have higher body mass index (BMI), lower diet quality and higher consumption of added sugar compared to community dwelling older adults.
Methods: Two hundred eighteen patients with HF were compared with age and sex-matched community dwelling older adults (control, N=60). Nutrition intake from the 4-day food diaries was analyzed using Nutritional Data System for Research. Diet quality was measured by healthy eating index (HEI) calculated from 4-day food diaries with higher HEI score indicating more healthy diets. Independent t-tests were used to compare body mass index (BMI), HEI scores and added sugar.
Results: HEI total score and BMI were significantly different between patients with HF and the control group (61.9 vs 72.3, 30.4 vs 26.0 kg/m2, respectively, p<0.001). HEI scores for total fruit; whole fruit; total vegetable; whole grain; and milk were lower in patients with HF when compared with the control group (2.1 vs 2.8, 2.2 vs 3.2, 3.4 vs 3.8, 1.9 vs 2.4, and 4.7 vs 5.8, respectively, p<0.05). HEI scores for calories from solid fats, alcoholic beverages and added sugar were significantly lower, indicating higher intakes, in patients with HF (14.2 vs 19.7, p<0.001). Further, intake of added sugar was significantly higher in patients with HF (61.5 vs 0.1g, p<0.001) while there was no significance in intake levels of saturated fatty acid.
Conclusion: Patients with HF had lower diet quality, higher BMI and added sugar consumption. Intervention to reduce intake of added sugar may play a crucial role in improving diet quality and health outcomes in patients with HF.
Author Disclosures: J. Kang: None. M.J. Biddle: None. D.K. Moser: None. T.A. Lennie: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.