Abstract 20510: Save Our Citizens: Increasing Awareness of Cardiovascular Disease and Sudden Cardiac Death
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States with approximately 1 in 4 people dying secondary to heart disease. According to a 2005 survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only 27% of individuals recognized all of the major symptoms of a heart attack and knew to call 9-1-1 if they occurred. This suggests that early warning signs and symptoms of heart disease are largely unrecognized by the general public.
Hypothesis: Awareness and knowledge of cardiovascular disease and sudden cardiac death is low in the general public and can be increased and sustained with a group education program.
Methods: A convenience sampling technique was used by approaching all clinic patients who arrived for clinic visits during 10 clinic days between December 2014 and January 2015. A 13-tem questionnaire was used in this study to measure knowledge of risk factors (9 items) and symptoms (4 items). Those with an ASCVD risk score of 20% or greater and a knowledge score of less than or equal to 80% were identified as highest risk and invited to participate in the group education program. For patients in the trial health education program, knowledge of heart disease was measured again at the end of the education session and again 4-8 weeks after the education program to assess retention.
Results: 505 people were asked to participate with a 91% completion rate. There was a statistically significant difference between the white population (58.9%) and the minority population (52.4%) p = 0.000 when comparing questionnaire scores. Fifty-seven (11%) participants were identified as low knowledge and high risk for cardiac disease. Seven (12%) participated in the group education program. The mean pre-test score was 49.4% and increase to 97.9% post session (p = 0.018). The mean follow up score four to eight weeks post session was 73.3% (p = 0.001) when compared to the pre session score.
Conclusions: This study demonstrated the lack of knowledge by an inner city general internal medicine clinic population on cardiovascular disease and sudden cardiac death. It is possible to improve and sustain knowledge with a greoup education program.
Author Disclosures: L. Divoky: None. L. Clough: None. A. Lee: None. O. Costantini: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.