Abstract 19784: Characterizing the Practice of Vascular Medicine at an Academic Medical Center
Introduction: There is increasing recognition of vascular medicine as a distinct subspecialty of internal medicine and cardiology. There are currently few vascular medicine training programs nationwide. We sought to characterize the nature of an outpatient vascular medicine practice at an academic center.
Methods: We present a single center registry and medical record review of new outpatient evaluations seen in vascular medicine clinic in 13 weeks (1/25/2016-4/22/2016) seen by 11 vascular medicine staff physicians. Reason for consultation, diagnosis, and visit actions were captured.
Results: 579 new patient evaluations were reviewed. Mean patient age was 56.0 ± 16.2 years (range 5-101 years), 44.4% were male. General internal medicine, cardiology, and other subspecialty medicine represented the majority of referrals (45.7%); vascular surgery represented 2.4%. Most common chief complaints were: management of venous thromboembolism (VTE), lower extremity (LE) swelling, and LE pain. Most common visit primary diagnoses were: VTE, varicose veins/chronic venous insufficiency, LE peripheral artery disease or critical limb ischemia, atherosclerosis or stenosis of non-LE arteries, non-inflammatory arteriopathies, and lymphedema. Most common visit actions include: non-invasive vascular lab study (54.2%), prescribing or fitting compression stockings (27.9%), laboratory testing (21.1%), prescribing new medication (anticoagulant or other) (15.4%), other non-invasive imaging (14.3%), and referring to another sub-specialist (12.3%). Only 10.2% of patients were referred or scheduled for vascular intervention.
Conclusion: Vascular medicine practice encompasses a broad spectrum of diseases of the venous, arterial and lymphatic systems. A minority of new patients were referred for vascular intervention, highlighting the importance of medical management in the treatment of vascular disease. A majority of patients seen by vascular medicine specialists at an academic center were referred from internal medicine or its subspecialty providers. These data support vascular medicine as a distinct subspecialty, independent of internal medicine and cardiology.
- Vascular medicine
- Vascular disease
- Cardiovascular disease prevention
- Peripheral artery disease (PAD)
- Venous disease
Author Disclosures: M. Serhal: None. N. Nguyen: None. E. Brinza: None. C. Bajzer: None. P. Erwin: None. N. Evans: None. N. Fendrikova Mahlay: None. M. Gomes: None. D. Hornacek: None. D. Joseph: None. S.H. Kim: None. M. Shishehbor: None. J.R. Bartholomew: None. H. Gornik: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.