Abstract 18660: P2Y2 Nucleotide Receptor Overexpression: Letting Blind Cardiac Progenitor Cells ‘See’ Again
Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of death in the US due to limited capability of adult mammalian heart to regenerate after myocardial infarction (MI). Autologous stem cell therapy holds promise for promoting regeneration of injured heart but stem cells derived from diseased organs exhibit poor proliferative, migratory and survival capabilities. Empowering cardiac-derived progenitor cells (CPC) with prosurvival genes has been attempted. However, molecular mechanisms by which stem cells detect stress signals to subsequently initiate appropriate regenerative responses are poorly understood. In this regard, purinergic receptors represent a major detector for extracellular nucleotides released during injury/stress and serve as an intracellular platform harboring numerous signaling pathways that regulate proinflammatory and regenerative responses required for the healing process. Despite the established roles of purinergic signaling in cardiovascular diseases, it has not been well-defined in CPCs. This study shows, for the first time, that the majority of P2 purinergic receptors are expressed and exhibit functional responses to ATP and UTP in human CPCs (hCPC) isolated from HF patients. The G protein-coupled P2Y2R is a pivotal stress detector that senses ATP and UTP accumulated in extracellular space after injury and mediates regenerative responses in various injury models, including MI model, and in stem cells from diverse origins. Interestingly, hCPCs with relatively slower growth kinetics and enhanced senescence show dramatic decreases in P2Y2 receptor (P2Y2R) expression compared to fast-growing hCPCs, consistent with our hypothesis that overexpressing P2Y2R enables diseased hCPCs to better detect stress stimuli and react with the proper regenerative responses. Along this line, P2Y2R stimulation with UTP enhances hCPC proliferation and migration. Interestingly, preliminary results demonstrate that UTP treatment induces YAP activation and nuclear shuttling. Moreover, inhibition of YAP/TEAD interaction impairs UTP-induced proliferation and migration revealing a novel link between extracellular nucleotides released during cardiac ischemia and Hippo signaling that has been recently implicated in cardiac regeneration.
Author Disclosures: F. Khalafalla: None. S. Greene: None. J. Nguyen: None. H. Khan: None. M. Sussman: Other; Significant; CardioCreate Company.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.