Abstract 17725: Heart Failure in Women and Men During Acute Coronary Syndrome: interaction for Long-term Cardiovascular Mortality (The ABC-3 Study on Heart Disease)
Introduction: Natural history studies have suggested important differences in survival between men and women in a broad spectrum of heart failure (HF) severity. Nonetheless, the relationship between gender and HF for adverse prognosis after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has not been thoroughly examined, especially in the long term. We investigated the gender-based differences in the association between HF during ACS and post-discharge, long-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality.
Methods: The present study included 557 patients enrolled in three intensive coronary care units and discharged alive. HF during ACS was evaluated by Killip class and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Interaction between gender and HF after 15 years of follow up was studied using Cox models including a formal interaction term.
Results: Median age was 67 (interquartile range [IQR], (59-75) years, 29% were females, 37% had non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and 32% Killip class>1, and median LVEF was 53% (IQR 46-61). All but five patients were followed up to 15 years, representing 5332 person-years. Of these, 40.2% died of CV-related causes. Crude CV mortality rate was higher among women (52.2%) than men (35.3%; P<0.0001). At a univariable level, a negative interaction between female gender and Killip class for CV mortality was found [hazard ratio (HR)=0.51 (0.34-0.77), P=0.002]. In five multivariable models after controlling for age, main CV risk factors, clinical features, post-discharge medical treatment, and mechanical coronary reperfusion, the interaction was significant across all models [HR=0.63 (0.42-0.95), P=0.02 in the fully adjusted model]. LVEF showed no significant hazard associated with female gender on univariable analysis [HR=1.4 (0.9-0.2.0), P=0.11] but did so in all adjusted models [HR=1.7 (1.2-2.5), P=0.005 in the fully adjusted model].
Conclusions: Gender is a consistent, independent effect modifier in the association between HF and long-term CV mortality after ACS.
Author Disclosures: F. Cavuto: None. G. Berton: None. F. Bagato: None. P. Michelazzo: None. J. Civiero: None. R. Cordiano: None. B. Segafredo: None. G.A. Preti: None. A. Cati: None. F. Russo: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.