Abstract 16975: Assessing the Relationship Between Neighborhood Social Capital and CPR Training Prevalence
Introduction: CPR training rates across the US are varied and generally low. Neighborhood social capital (NSC) is an established means to study the impact of neighborhood conditions on health characteristics and outcomes. To date, no studies have investigated the association of NSC on CPR training prevalence.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that an individuals’ perception of their NSC is associated with the likelihood of having ever received CPR training.
Methods: Responses from the validated 2015 Southeastern Pennsylvania Community Health Household Survey were used to assess NSC and CPR training prevalence. Six neighborhood-related questions represented indicators of NSC. Results were analyzed individually using univariate analysis and together as a composite score. To build the composite score, each response from the univariate analysis was assigned a value of 1 or 0 to indicate a positive or negative NSC response respectively. Assigned values were summed to a final NSC score (0 - 6). Logistic regression was used to assess whether increased NSC affected the likelihood of a person ever receiving CPR training controlling for age, employment status, and zip code.
Results: Of the 10,048 adult survey respondents, 65% indicated they had ever received CPR training. Respondents who strongly agreed that most people in their neighborhood “can be trusted” ( a common measure of NSC) were significantly more likely to have received CPR training (OR: 1.34, 95% CI: 1.33-1.36, p<0.01). The likelihood of an individual having ever received CPR training increased as the number of local organizations (orgs) an individual participated in increased: 1-4 orgs (OR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.66-1.68, p<0.01), 5-9 orgs (OR: 2.14, 95% CI: 2.10-2.18, p<0.01), 10+ orgs (OR: 2.19, 95%CI: 2.08-2.30, p<0.01). The likelihood of having ever received CPR training increased as NSC composite score increased (OR: 1.17, 95% CI: 1.16-1.17, p<0.01).
Conclusions: The likelihood of having ever received CPR training increased as an individual’s composite NSC score increased. These results suggest that neighborhood characteristics may be relevant factors in predicting CPR training rates.
Author Disclosures: A.D. Murray: None. S.K. McGovern: None. M. Leary: Research Grant; Significant; AHA Grant, Laerdal Grant, Medtronic. B.S. Abella: Research Grant; Significant; NHLBI, Medtronic Foundation, PCORI, C.R. Bard, American Heart Association. Honoraria; Modest; CR Bard, Physio-Control Inc., Stryker Medical. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Ikaria Inc., CardioReady. A.L. Blewer: Research Grant; Significant; American Heart Association.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.