Abstract 15990: Elderly Lack Fundamental Knowledge of CPR and Mobile Phone Use With Importance for Effective Dispatcher Assisted CPR Performance
Introduction: Early bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves survival after cardiac arrest. The most likely bystander to initiate CPR is an elderly layperson. Dispatcher assisted CPR (DA-CPR) is known to increase the rate of bystander CPR, and may be important for the elderly population in their effort to perform CPR. Multiple factors including activation of phone speaker function are important for the performance of high quality DA-CPR.
The aim was to examine the knowledge on factors important to effective DA-CPR, including the use of mobile phones.
Methods: A structured questionnaire containing on CPR guidelines and the use of mobile phone was distributed to laypersons over the age of 65. Responders were recruited during a 4-month period in 2014 among members of leisure clubs for seniors in Denmark. The responders’ mobile phones were identified and examined for phone speaker function.
Results: The overall 124 elderly laypersons were invited to participate and 99 (response rate: 82%) questionnaires were returned. Responders (58% male) had a median age of 72 (IQR 70-77) years, were retired (95%) and lived in urban areas (56%). Median time since last CPR training was 5.5 (IQR 4-15) years, while the majority had no prior CPR training (57%). When questioned about CPR guidelines only a minority could correctly state; chest compression depth (11%), chest compression rate (2%) and, ratio between chest compressions and ventilations (5%). Not all responders (82%) could correctly state telephone number to the emergency medical services.
Majority of the responders had a mobile phone (94%) and used it on a regular (76%) basis. Only 43% stated that they were able to activate phone speaker function on their own mobile phone. A total of 58 responders (59%) carried their mobile phone at the time of the questionnaire. Mobile phones represented 40 models and eight brands. All mobile phones had a speakerphone function.
Conclusion: The majority of potential elderly bystanders lack important knowledge on CPR. They have a mobile phone with speaker function but lack knowledge on how to activate this, which may impede the quality of DA-CPR.
Author Disclosures: P. Caap: None. M.A. Nebsbjerg: None. S.E. Rasmussen: None. L.Q. Krogh: None. K. Bjørnshave: None. K. Krogh: None. J.A. Povlsen: None. B. Løfgren: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.