Abstract 15787: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training in the United States: Relationship With Age and Socioeconomic Status
Introduction: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (B-CPR) increases survival from sudden cardiac arrest, yet B-CPR rates are low in many communities, possibly related to variable training penetration. The overall prevalence of CPR training in the US, and individual-level factors associated with training, are unknown.
Hypothesis: We sought to examine the national prevalence of CPR training and associated demographic variations in training rates. We hypothesized that older age would be inversely associated with training.
Methods: We administered a random digit dial survey to a nationally-representative adult sample. Using regression modeling, we assessed demographics of individuals currently trained in CPR (<2 years) and those who had been trained at some point in time (ever trained).
Results: From 09/2015-11/2015, 9,022 individuals completed the national survey. Of those, 65% had been CPR trained at some point in time, while 18% reported being currently trained. Older age was associated with lower CPR training prevalence (Figure 1). As age increased, the likelihood of being currently trained or ever trained decreased (currently trained: OR: 0.98, 95%CI: 0.97-0.99, p<0.01; ever trained: OR: 0.99, 95% CI: 0.98-0.99, p=0.04). Higher educational attainment (currently CPR trained: OR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.16-1.53, p<0.0; ever trained: OR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.30-1.57, p<0.01) and higher household income (currently CPR trained: OR: 1.04, 95% CI: 1.02-1.08, p<0.01; ever trained: OR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.03-1.12, p<0.01) were both associated with increased current training and ever being trained in CPR.
Conclusions: Few respondents reported current training in CPR. Older age was associated with lower likelihood of CPR training. Higher education and household income were both associated with an increased likelihood of CPR training. These findings could inform future development of targeted B-CPR educational initiatives.
Author Disclosures: A.L. Blewer: Research Grant; Significant; American Heart Association. M. Leary: Research Grant; Significant; AHA Grant, Laerdal Grant. Honoraria; Modest; Stryker. Other; Modest; Laerdal (in-kind), Physio-control (in-kind). D. Dutwin: None. S.A. Ibrahim: None. B. McNally: Research Grant; Significant; ARC, AHA, Medtronic, Physio-Control, Zoll, Emory. M.L. Anderson: None. L.J. Morrison: Research Grant; Significant; NIH NHLBI, Heart and Stroke Foundation, Canadian Institute of Health Research. B.S. Abella: Research Grant; Modest; Bard. Research Grant; Significant; NHLBI, PCORI, Medtronic.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.