Abstract 15620: 20-HETE-mediated Neutrophil Adhesion Impairs Coronary Collateral Growth in Metabolic Syndrome
Transient, repetitive myocardial ischemia (RI)-induced coronary collateral growth (CCG) is impaired in metabolic syndrome patients and animal models. Endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction and chronic inflammation are hallmarks of metabolic syndrome. We showed that while in normal animals (SD), RI induces transient infiltration of monocytes, associated with successful CCG, in metabolic syndrome rats (JCR), RI induces sustained accumulation of neutrophils, which contributes to compromised CCG. 20-hydroxyeicosatetraeonic acid (20-HETE) is a pro-inflammatory metabolite of arachidonic acid. Its role in the regulation of CCG is unknown. We hypothesized that enhanced 20-HETE-mediated neutrophil adhesion to ECs and consequent EC dysfunction and apoptosis result in impaired CCG in metabolic syndrome. P-selectin and ICAM-1 expression was increased ~40% in JCR vs. SD rats. This increase was prevented by 20-HETE antagonists, 20-SOLA or 20-HEDGE. 20-HETE antagonists also prevented neutrophil accumulation observed in JCR rats. Coronary arteries from JCR rats exhibited reduced endothelium (Ach)-dependent vasodilation (20% JCR vs. 50% of max. SD). RI-induced eNOS activation and NO production were likewise decreased (~60% and~70%, respectively) in JCR vs. SD rats. EC apoptosis (TUNEL) was severely increased in response to RI in JCR rats (~75% vs. SD). Neutrophil adhesion-blocking antibodies partially attenuated EC apoptosis (~70%) and EC dysfunction (~75% eNOS activation and NO production, 75% Ach-dependent vasodilation). 20-HETE antagonists fully reversed impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation, eNOS activation, NO production and prevented EC apoptosis. Finally, impaired CCG in JCR rats (collateral-dependent blood flow, microspheres) was completely restored by 20-HETE antagonists (CZ/NZ flow was 0.76±0.07 in JCR+20-SOLA, 0.84±0.05 in JCR+20-HEDGE vs. 0.11±0.02 in JCR vs. 0.84±0.03 ml/min/g in SD rats) and partially restored by neutrophil-blocking antibodies (0.49±0.05 ml/min/g). Taken together, these results indicate that 20-HETE-dependent neutrophil adhesion and accumulation compromises EC survival and function leading to impaired CCG. 20-HETE antagonists could provide therapy for restoration of CCG in metabolic syndrome.
Author Disclosures: G. Joseph: None. A. Soler: None. R. Hutcheson: None. I. Hunter: None. B. Hutcheson: None. C. Bradford: None. K.H. Gotlinger: None. J.R. Falck: None. S. Proctor: None. M.L. Schwartzman: None. P. Rocic: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.