Abstract 14053: Large-scale Multi-community Targeted CPR Education Improves CPR Knowledge and Confidence
Introduction: One purpose of the Hands-Only CPR™ (H-O CPR) program is to simplify cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instruction in order to encourage more bystanders to take appropriate action during cardiac arrest. The program has been implemented in pilot projects, but the feasibility of implementation in large-scale training events across multiple communities is unknown.
Hypothesis: CPR knowledge and confidence can be increased through large-scale, multi-community H-O CPR training.
Methods: A convenience sample participated in H-O CPR training, taught in 15-minute group sessions repeated over a single day in February (Heart Month) 2016, in 10 Texas cities. A sub-sample completed training surveys including the 6-item pre- and post-test used by the American Heart Association as an assessment of knowledge and confidence performing H-O CPR in the ‘CPR in Schools’ Lesson Plan.
Results: A total of 4,250 individuals were trained, with 1,414 (33%) submitted pre- and post-test surveys. Gender: 54% Female. Race/Ethnicity: 39% Hispanic/Latino; 38% White/Caucasian; 12% Asian/Asian-American, 8.8% Black/African American, 8.9% Other or did not say. Median age: 24 years (IQR 25,75: 19,39). Education: 84% ≥ high school graduate. Mean knowledge scores increased from pre-training 2.70 (SD=1.62) to post-training 4.65 (SD=0.76) (p=0.001). Those reporting comfort doing H-O CPR increased from 59% to 96% (p=0.001). Pre- and post- knowledge scores differed significantly by Education level (p=0.001), Race/Ethnicity (p=0.001), and Family Income (p=0.001). Education contributed significantly to comfort at both pre- (p=0.008) and post-training (p=0.020), but Race/Ethnicity and Family Income did not. The most common pre-training reason for not being comfortable was not knowing how to perform CPR (58%). Post- training, the most common reason was concern about hurting someone or doing CPR incorrectly (35%). Over 60% (n=998) indicated willingness to be contacted in 6 months to assess retention.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated the feasibility of large-scale, simultaneous Hands-Only CPR training that improved CPR knowledge and confidence among participants across multiple metropolitan areas. Additional study will determine retention of knowledge.
Author Disclosures: K.L. Anderson: None. K. Olesky: None. N. Salerno: None. S. Nadeem: None. J. Valentine: None. F. Mehkri: None. M. Hicks: None. S. Andrabi: None. A.S. Fisher: None. L.E. Laufman: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.