Abstract 13846: Telephone CPR is Independently Associated With an Increase in Initial Shockable Rhythms in Patients With Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Background: Bystander CPR (BCPR) and telephone CPR (TCPR) are associated with improved OHCA outcomes. It has been shown that BCPR increases the proportion of patients with an initial shockable cardiac rhythm (VF/VT) when encountered by EMS. It is unknown whether TCPR does the same.
Objective: To assess whether TCPR is independently associated with an increase in initial shockable cardiac rhythms during OHCA.
Methods: Data from 9-1-1 audio recordings, first care EMS reports and hospital records were linked for OHCAs of presumed cardiac origin (1/2011-12/2014). Three cohorts were analyzed: TCPR, BCPR or no CPR. Using no CPR as the reference group, we assessed whether TCPR and BCPR were independently associated with initial shockable rhythms in a logistic regression model controlling for gender, event location, witness status and EMS response interval.
Results: After exclusions, 2715 adult OHCA events with linked outcome data were analyzed (median age: 63; male: 66.8%; 33.3% witnessed arrest). Median response interval was 5 min. The BCPR rate (lay rescuer CPR without telephone instructions) was 24.8% and survival in this group was 15.4%. The TCPR rate (lay rescuer CPR with telephone instructions) was 40.2% and survival in this group was 11.7%. For the no-CPR group, 20.5% had an initial shockable rhythm. For the BCPR group, 34.6 % had an initial shockable rhythm. For the TCPR group, 23.2% had an initial shockable rhythm. Provision of BCPR and of TCPR were each independently associated with shockable rhythms [aOR (BCPR) = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.33-2.17, p=0.0001; aOR (TCPR) = 1.3, 95% CI: 1.04-1.63, p=0.0001].
Conclusion: The provision of both BCPR and TCPR were independently associated with an increased rate of initial shockable cardiac rhythms and an increase in survival to hospital discharge compared to no CPR.
Author Disclosures: M. Panczyk: None. J. Sutter: None. B. Langlais: None. C. Hu: None. T.F. Vadeboncoeur: None. T. Mullins: None. D.W. Spaite: Research Grant; Significant; Medtronic Foundation. B.J. Bobrow: Research Grant; Significant; Medtronic Foundation.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.