Abstract 13824: Oral Anticoagulants and Risk of Liver Injury in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Prospective Study
Introduction: Isolated cases of liver injury associated with the use of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been reported. However, the comparative incidence of liver injury in users of different oral anticoagulants is unknown.
Methods: We studied 113,717 patients (mean age 70, 39% women) with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) included in the MarketScan® Commercial and Medicare Supplemental databases with a first prescription for oral anticoagulation after November 4, 2011, followed through December 31, 2014. Of these, 56,879 initiated warfarin, 17,286 initiated dabigatran, 30,347 initiated rivaroxaban, and 9,205 initiated apixaban. Liver injury hospitalizations were identified using selected inpatient diagnostic codes. Multivariable Cox models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of liver injury by anticoagulant type.
Results: During a median follow-up of 12 months, 960 hospitalizations with liver injury were identified. Rates of liver injury hospitalization (per 1000 person-years) by oral anticoagulant were 9.0 (warfarin), 4.0 (dabigatran), 6.6 (rivaroxaban), and 5.6 (apixaban). After multivariable adjustment, rates of liver injury hospitalization were lower in initiators of NOACs compared to warfarin: HR (95%CI) of 0.57 (0.46, 0.71), 0.88 (0.75, 1.03) and 0.70 (0.50, 0.97) for initiators of dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban, respectively (Table). Compared to dabigatran initiators, rivaroxaban initiators had a 56% increased risk of liver injury hospitalization (HR 1.56, 95%CI 1.22, 1.99). In addition to type of anticoagulant, prior liver, gallbladder, and kidney disease, cancer, anemia, heart failure, and alcoholism significantly predicted liver injury hospitalization.
Conclusions: Among patients with non-valvular AF, NOACs were associated with lower risk of liver injury hospitalization compared to warfarin, with dabigatran showing the lowest risk.
Author Disclosures: A. Alonso: None. R.F. MacLehose: None. L.Y. Chen: None. L.G. Bengtson: Employment; Significant; Optum. A.M. Chamberlain: None. F.L. Norby: None. P.L. Lutsey: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.