Abstract 12893: Design and cGMP-Generating Actions of a Novel Selective and Non-Selective Particulate Guanylyl Cyclase B Activator Targeting Cardiorenal Fibrotic Remodeling
Introduction: Cardiorenal fibrotic remodeling (CFR), often in the setting of heart failure (HF) and kidney disease (CKD), is a major cause for increased risk in mortality, for which there are no effective drugs. C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is a 22 amino acid (AA) ligand for the particulate guanylyl cyclase receptor-B (GC-B) and exerts anti-fibrotic actions, with little effect on blood pressure (BP) or renal function, via its second messenger cGMP. To overcome CNP’s limited efficacy with its short half-life, we designed 2 novel CNP-based peptides (C53 and CU32). C53 consists of CNP plus a 31 AA N-terminus extension, while CU32 is the CNP ring fused with the N- and C-termini of urodilatin (GC-A agonist). Here we investigated the cGMP generating actions of C53 and CU32, with the goal of advancing novel GC-B/cGMP therapeutics for CFR. Hypotheses: We hypothesized that C53 and CU32 would have cGMP activating actions in vivo, however only C53 would generate cGMP production selectively via GC-B in vitro. We also hypothesize that the addition of the C-termini to CU32 would form a non-selective GC-B/cGMP agonist with renal and BP lowering actions.
Methods: HEK293 cells expressing human GC-B or -A and human fibroblasts (hFs), where GC-B is abundant, were stimulated with C53 or CU32 (10-8M) for 10 min. Two groups of normal rats (n=8) received a 75 min equimolar IV infusion of C53 or CU32. Change in mean arterial pressure (ΔMAP), sodium (Na) excretion and plasma and urinary cGMP were assessed. *p<0.05.
Results: C53 and CU32 activated cGMP in GC-B cells (C53: 75±9, CU32: 24±2 pmol/well*), while only CU32 activated cGMP in GC-A cells (C53: 0±0, CU32: 50±3 pmol/well*). In hFs, both C53 and CU32 generated cGMP. In vivo, plasma cGMP (C53: 91±4, CU32: 94±6 pmol/ml) and urinary cGMP excretion (C53: 177±28, CU32: 227±28 pmol/min) were similar with both peptides. Yet, CU32 induced a greater reduction in ΔMAP (C53: -7±1, CU32: -16±3 mmHg*) and increased Na excretion (C53: 1.4±0.2, CU32: 2.4±0.2 uEq/m*) compared to C53.
Conclusions: We report the engineering of a selective (C53) and non-selective (CU32) GC-B agonist that has favorable cGMP generating action in hFs and in vivo. Thus, C53 and CU32 may represent novel GC-B therapeutics that could be tailored to specific phases of HF or CKD to prevent CFR.
Author Disclosures: S.J. Sangaralingham: None. B.K. Huntley: None. T. Ichiki: None. J.C. Burnett: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.