Abstract 12806: Advanced Airway Management May Not be Effective Compared to Basic Airway Management After Pediatric Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest
Introduction: Respiratory care for pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) may play an important role due to the asphyxial nature of the majority of pediatric OHCA events.
Hypothesis: We assessed the hypothesis that prehospital advanced airway management (endotracheal intubation or supraglottic airway device) is associated with an increased chance of favorable outcomes compared with basic airway management (bag-valve-mask ventilation) after pediatric OHCA.
Methods: This was a nationwide, population-based, propensity score-matched study of pediatric OHCA in Japan from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2012, based on data from the All-Japan Utstein Registry. We included pediatric patients aged < 18 years. Infants (≤ 1 year old) were excluded. The primary outcome was a favorable neurological state one month after OHCA defined as a Glasgow-Pittsburgh cerebral performance category (CPC) score of 1-2 (corresponding to a Pediatric CPC score of 1-3). The secondary outcomes included a neurologically favorable survival with a CPC score of 1 (corresponding to a Pediatric CPC score of 1), one-month survival, and prehospital return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC).
Results: A total of 2,157 patients were included in the final cohort; 365 received advanced airway management and 1,792 received basic airway management. Among 2,157 patients, 213 (9.9%) survived with a favorable neurological status one month after OHCA. There were no significant differences in neurologically favorable survival between the advanced airway management group and the basic airway management group after adjusting for potential confounders: propensity score matching, OR 0.74 (95%CI 0.35-1.59), and multivariable logistic regression modeling, OR 0.55 (95% CI 0.24-1.14). Similar findings were observed for the secondary outcomes. In subgroup analyses (including the non-cardiac [mainly asphyxial] etiology group), there were no subgroups in which advanced airway management was associated with neurologically favorable survival.
Conclusions: In conclusion, advanced airway management was not associated with an increased chance of neurologically favorable survival, one-month survival, or prehospital ROSC compared to basic airway management after pediatric OHCA.
Author Disclosures: T. Fukuda: None. N. Ohashi-Fukuda: None. N. Hayase: None. T. Wada: None. T. Matsubara: None. K. Doi: None. N. Yahagi: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.