Abstract 12230: Increased Left Ventricular Myocardial Stiffness is Associated With Incident Heart Failure in African Americans: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
Background: Increased left ventricular (LV) myocardial stiffness may be associated with future deterioration of LV hemodynamics and incident heart failure (HF). Diastolic wall strain (DWS) is a recently developed echocardiographic indicator of LV myocardial stiffness. We hypothesized that increased LV myocardial stiffness evaluated by DWS is associated with incident HF in a community-based African American cohort in the ARIC.
Methods and Results: We investigated the association between LV myocardial stiffness and incident HF among 1553 African American participants (mean age 58.5 years, 66% women) without a history of cardiovascular diseases or LV wall motion abnormalities in the ARIC Study. Echocardiography was performed at Visit 3 in the African American cohort in Jackson, MS. DWS was calculated as (posterior wall thickness at end-systole - posterior wall thickness at end-diastole) / posterior wall thickness at end-systole. DWS quartiles were generated and used to make the Kaplan-Meier survival curves for incident HF with log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the association between baseline DWS and incident HF. Over a median follow-up of 15.6 years, there were 251 HF events (incidence rate: 10.9 per 1,000 person-years). Participants with lower DWS (increased LV diastolic stiffness) had a higher incidence of HF than those with higher DWS (unadjusted hazard ratio 1.86, 95%CI 1.28-2.71 in 1st quartile vs 4th quartile, p=0.001). After adjustment for traditional risk factors and incident coronary heart disease during the course, DWS was independently associated with incident HF (hazard ratio 1.62, 95%CI 1.10-2.38 in 1st quartile vs 4th quartile, p=0.015).
Conclusions: Increased LV myocardial stiffness evaluated by DWS was associated with an increased risk of HF in a community-based African American cohort in the ARIC. Increased LV myocardial stiffness may lead to future deterioration of LV hemodynamics and incident HF.
Author Disclosures: D. Kamimura: None. T. Suzuki: None. M.E. Hall: None. W. Wang: None. M.D. Winniford: None. K.R. Butler: None. T.H. Mosley: Research Grant; Modest; M01-RR000585, NIH/NHLBI R01HL075360, U01 HL054463-10.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.