Abstract 12196: ST2 Elevation in Myocardial Infarction - Associations With Cardiac Structure and Function
Introduction: Soluble ST2 (sST2) is a serum marker of cardiomyocyte stress associated with a large risk of death and heart failure after myocardial infarction (MI). The relationship between sST2 and cardiac structure and function after MI however remains incompletely defined, and greater characterization is required prior to clinical application.
Methods: Olmsted County, Minnesota residents who experienced their first MI between 2007 and 2012 were prospectively recruited. MIs were validated using standardized criteria and patients underwent simultaneous comprehensive Doppler echocardiography and sST2 measurement. The association between cardiac morphology and hemodynamics and sST2 were examined. Published normal values were used as referent ranges for sST2 levels.
Results: Among 316 patients (mean age 65 [SD 14] years, 67% men, 32% ST-elevation MI), sST2 was measured 2.5 [SD 1.6] days after MI and within 0.7 [SD 2.3] days of echocardiography. Soluble ST2 was elevated in 33% of patients and univariately associated with decreased LV ejection fraction (LVEF), increased LV mass, impaired LV diastolic function and increased pulmonary artery pressure (ePAP) (Table).
After adjustment for age, sex, LVEF and key measures of LV filling pressures, elevated sST2 was independently associated with reduced LVEF (p=0.01) mitral valve deceleration time (p=0.03), greater left atrial volume (p=0.03) and mitral regurgitation (≥mild; p=0.09). LVEF and ePAP exhibited the strongest associations with elevated sST2 (both p<0.001).
Conclusions: Soluble ST2 is frequently elevated following MI and is strongly associated with the morphologic and hemodynamic determinants of adverse LV remodeling that infer poor long-term outcome after MI.
Author Disclosures: W.S. Jenkins: None. V.L. Roger: None. A.S. Jaffe: None. M. Enriquez-Sarano: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.