Abstract 12017: New-Onset Diabetes After Heart Transplantation is associated With Worse Long-term Survival: A Propensity Matched Analysis of a National Registry.
Introduction: Limited data is available regarding the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) after heart transplantation and it`s impact on patient survival.
Methods: From the United Network of Organ Sharing database (January 2004 to September 2014), we identified 13,353 patients without pre-operative diabetes mellitus undergoing heart transplantation. Multivariable Cox regression was implemented to determine predictors for the development of NODM. A matched cohort of New-onset Diabetes mellitus (NODM (+)) and NODM (-) was generated by 1:1 nearest neighbor propensity-matching. The association of NODM with long-term survival was then estimated with robust Cox regression. Results are presented at the 95% Confidence level; all tests are two-tailed.
Results: During the study period, 1,921 of 13,353 (14%) developed NODM. Estimated freedom from NODM was 97% (96-98%) & 77% (76 - 78%) at the end of 1 and 5 years respectively. Predictors for the development of NODM were recipient age > 50 years (HR 1.2 95% CI1.05, 1.3; p < 0.01), recipient BMI > 30 (HR 1.4 95% CI1.2, 1.6; p < 0.01) and race (African American vs Caucasian (HR 1.3 95% CI1.2, 1.5; p < 0.01)). Cox-regression of a propensity-matched cohort of 1921 NODM+ve and NODM-ve recipient-pairs demonstrates that NODM is associated with poorer survival (HR for mortality: 1.3 95% CI 1.1, 1.5; p < 0.001).
Conclusions: More than one in ten heart transplant recipients develop NODM post heart transplantation. Obesity, older age, and African American race patients to be at higher risk for NODM. New onset diabetes was independently associated with an almost 30% reduced long-term survival. More than one in ten heart transplant recipients develop NODM post heart transplantation. Obesity, older age, and African American race patients to be at higher risk for NODM. New onset diabetes was independently associated with an almost 30% reduced long-term survival.
Author Disclosures: S.V. Deo: None. N. Sarabu: None. S. Kumar: None. S. Altarabsheh: None. S.M. Dunlay: None. A. Kilic: None. G.H. Oliveira: None. G.C. Fonarow: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.