Abstract 11925: Differences in End-of-Life Preferences and Planning by Prognosis in Patients Hospitalized With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure
Introduction: In patients with heart failure, preferences for end-of-life (EOL) care and involvement in advance care planning can vary over their illness trajectory. The aim of this study was to compare EOL preferences by prognosis, assessed using the validated Meta-analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure (MAGGIC) risk score, in patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).
Hypothesis: EOL preferences and planning vary by prognosis.
Methods: Between January 2014 and January 2016, Southeastern Minnesota residents hospitalized with ADHF at Mayo Clinic hospitals in Rochester, MN were prospectively recruited into an observational cohort study. Information on EOL preferences and advance care planning were assessed by patient questionnaire. MAGGIC risk scores and associated 1-year mortality estimates were calculated using patient characteristics at the time of hospital admission and stratified by quartile. The associations of EOL preferences/ planning and prognosis were examined using two sample t-tests and linear regression.
Results: Among 400 patients (mean age 77.7 years, 46% female), predicted 1-year mortality ranged from 3.9-72.5% (median 22.5%). Patients with higher estimated mortality (worse prognosis) more often elected Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) status (p=0.001) and more often had an advanced directive (p<0.001, Table). No other differences in EOL preferences or planning by prognosis were observed.
Conclusions: In community patients hospitalized with ADHF, resuscitation preferences and rates of completion of advance care planning documents varied with prognosis, though patient-clinician EOL discussions and awareness and attitudes about EOL options did not.
Author Disclosures: K.A. Young: None. J.J. Strand: None. M.M. Redfield: None. S.M. Dunlay: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.