Abstract P306: Participation in Cardiac Rehabilitation and Survival After Mitral or Aortic Valve Surgery
Background: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves functional capacity after heart valve surgery (HVS), but no survival benefit has yet been described. We hypothesized that attendance at CR after HVS would be associated with improved long-term survival.
Methods: In 2013, we surveyed all patients (or a close family member if the patient was deceased) who had isolated HVS between 2006 through 2010 at the Mayo Clinic to assess if they attended CR after their HVS. We assessed survey reliability among local patients by comparing self-reported vs. medical-record verified CR attendance with the kappa statistic. We then performed a propensity-adjusted landmark mortality analysis through October 2014 for the association between CR attendance and long-term all-cause mortality conditional upon surviving the first year after HVS.
Results: Survey response rate was 40% (573/1420), with responders more likely to be older, have longer hospitalizations, more aortic valve disease, but have better survival than non-responders. Among local patients, there was “substantial” agreement between reported attendance and medical-record verified CR attendance (agreement at 84%, kappa = 0.62.) A total of 547 patients (age 70 yrs., 62% male, 59% aortic valve surgery) with valid survey responses were included in the propensity analysis, of whom 296 (54.1%) attended CR. There were 100 deaths during a median follow-up of 5.4 years. For all patients, the propensity-adjusted model suggested no impact of CR on mortality (HR 1.03, 95% CI, 0.66 to 1.62). When stratified by procedure type, results suggested a potentially favorable, but non-significant, effect among patients with mitral valve surgery (HR 0.49, 95% CI 0.15 to 1.56), but not among patients with aortic valve surgery (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.61 to 1.64.)
Conclusions: Important improvements in functional capacity from CR have been previously reported after HVS, but, contrary to our hypothesis, we found that CR does not provide long-term survival benefits after HVS. These findings need additional confirmation to better clarify any mortality impact that may exist for CR following HVS, particularly among patients undergoing mitral valve surgery.
Author Disclosures: Q.R. Pack: None. B.D. Lahr: None. R.W. Squires: None. F. Lopez-Jimenez: None. K. Greason: None. H. Michelena: None. K. Goel: None. R.J. Thomas: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.